At least 56 inmates tested positive for the coronavirus last week at a privately run federal jail in downtown San Diego that houses mostly pretrial inmates, according to defense attorneys briefed on the matter.
The GEO Group, which contracts with the U.S. Marshals Service to operate the Western Region Detention Facility, is in the process of testing all inmates there “whether or not they are showing any symptoms,” according to Kathy Nester, executive director of Federal Defenders of San Diego.
“Today we received confirmation of a large number of positive tests arising from that ongoing testing,” Nester wrote in an email Friday.
She said 286 inmates were tested Thursday, and of those, 56 tests came back positive, 114 were negative and 116 were pending.
Another 221 tests were submitted Friday, with all of those results still pending, according to Nester.
She said information about the apparent coronavirus outbreak was provided in a Friday phone call with the Marshals Service, which gives Federal Defenders regular updates “advising us of our clients who have tested positive and when there are ongoing quarantines” at its facilities.
“We are extremely worried about the rate at which the coronavirus is spreading through our detention facilities and the impact that will have on our clients and the community at large,” Nester wrote.
A spokesperson for the GEO Group referred a request for comment to the marshals. Calls to the San Diego-area office of the marshals were not answered Friday.
According to the GEO Group, the Western Region Detention Facility can house up to 770 inmates and is accredited by two national correctional organizations.
In April, Voice of San Diego reported that inmates at the facility reported cramped conditions at the jail that did not allow for social distancing. According to the declaration cited in the report, written by Federal Defenders senior litigator Joshua Jones and signed March 31, inmates at the facility reported several other safety concerns, including a lack of hand sanitizer in housing units and a scarcity of soap.
A study published last month in the Annals of Epidemiology found that “jails are epicenters of COVID-19 transmission in the United States.”
The study’s authors wrote that jails “present an ideal setting for infections to spread” because “incarcerated individuals are at higher risk for infection due to unsanitary living conditions and inability to socially distance.” Additionally, the authors wrote that “correctional officers rarely have public health training, and correctional health systems are chronically underfunded.”
Two of the study’s authors, from Stanford University, said an outbreak inside a jail threatens the community outside because “the people who work there enter and leave every day. They can take the virus out into the community when they go home at night.”
The apparent outbreak at the Western Region Detention Facility follows an outbreak at the Metropolitan Correctional Center, another federal jail in downtown San Diego.
As of Friday, there were three confirmed COVID-19 cases among inmates at MCC, according to the federal Bureau of Prisons, which operates the Union Street facility.
But Federal Defenders, whose attorneys represent most indigent defendants charged with federal crimes, said last month that at least 405 out of the more than 550 inmates housed there had tested positive for the virus at some point, according to data they compiled based on updates from prison officials.
Prison officials reported 48 inmates and 12 staffers with active COVID-19 cases on Sept. 28, when activists and family members gathered across across the street to hold a vigil for 47-year-old Victor Ray Cruz, who attorneys said died from the disease.
Riggins writes for the San Diego Union-Tribune.